Fertility is defined as the natural ability to conceive a child.
The most common reason for infertility in women is the failure to ovulate. This can be triggered by a woman’s age, weight, exposure to radiation, hormonal imbalance or smoking.
If you are unable to get pregnant, you may suffer from infertility. Other common signs of infertility include irregular or absent periods, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), thyroid problems, and premature ovarian failure.
The peak reproductive years for women are between the late teens and late 20s. From the age of 30 onwards, a woman’s ability to get pregnant starts to decline. Over the age of 45, the chances of getting pregnant naturally have declined drastically.
Testing for male infertility typically involves a combination of a comprehensive medical history, physical examination, and specific diagnostic tests such as a semen analysis, blood and genetic tests.
Infertility is generally defined as the inability to conceive after a year or more of regular, unprotected sexual intercourse. For women over the age of 35, this period is usually shortened to six months due to the decline in fertility with age.
Diagnosing fertility issues in women typically involves a combination of a comprehensive medical history, physical examination, and specific diagnostic tests including a pelvic ultrasound and other types of imaging, hormone and ovulation testing.
When examining fertility in men, a semen analysis will be required. A sample of semen will be analysed to check the quality and quantity of your sperm.
Typically, assisted reproductive technology (ART) is the recommended approach for male infertility. In vitro fertilisation (IVF) is recommended with intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) for infertile men and is amongst the most common ART approaches.
The 3 main types of fertility treatment are medicines, surgical procedures (such as fallopian tube surgery) and assisted conception (such as IVF).
For women younger than 35, the number of live births per egg retrieval is around 54.5%. This percentage decreases with age. Women between 35 and 37 average at 41.1% live births per egg retrieval and those between 38 and 40 average 26.7%.