A bunion is a bony lump that forms at the base of the big toe joint on the side of the foot. This occurs when the bones at the front of your foot move out of place where your big toe moves toward the opposite side of the foot. This causes the joint at the base of the big toe to be forced out sideways. Wearing tight shoes can cause or worsen bunions and they can also develop if you have a foot deformity or arthritis.
If you are suffering with:
- Ongoing foot pain caused by the bunion
- A visible bump on your big toe
- Reduced movement of the foot
- Difficulty finding shoes to fit
You may be offered surgery to correct the bunion.
What to Expect From the Procedure
- The procedure is done under general or local anaesthetic (nerve block), completely numbing the area while you are still awake.
- The surgeon will remove the bunion and carry out any other repairs that are required depending on the cause of the bunion; these can include:
- Osteotomy: your big toe joint is cut and realigned to a normal position
- Arthrodesis, your surgeon will replace the damaged joint with screws or metal plates to correct the deformity.
- A cast or a surgical boot may be applied.
This procedure is done as an outpatient procedure allowing you to return home the same day.
What Are The Risks of Bunion Surgery?
This surgery is generally very successful, but as in all cases, this surgery comes with some risks to be aware of:
- Stiffness or numbness in the toe
- Healing out of line
- Bunion may return
- Metatarsalgia – causes pain and swelling in the ball of your foot
- Bursitis- Inflammation of the pads that cushion the bones in your joints
How Much Does Bunion Surgery Cost?
- In the UK, done privately, this treatment costs around £4,900 per foot.
- Bunion corrective surgery is available on the NHS but not for cosmetic purposes and only if criteria are met to suggest it affects daily activities.