Psychology is the scientific study of the mind and human behaviour.

Psychologists seek to understand how people think, feel, and behave individually and in groups. Psychology explores the various aspects of human experience and functioning.

What Are The Warning Signs Of Mental Illness?

Identifying the warning signs for mental illness is crucial to accessing timely support. These signs vary depending on the individual and their unique mental health issue. Key symptoms may include changes in mood, such as intense mood swings or unexplained irritability.

A tendency towards withdrawal and social isolation, such as losing interest in previously enjoyed activities or distancing oneself from loved ones, can also indicate a mental health problem.

Changes in sleep patterns and appetite, chronic fatigue, or difficulty focusing are also common signs. Similarly, sudden weight loss or gain without a clear physical health cause can be a concern.

Severe Symptoms That Shouldn’t Be Ignored

Severe symptoms, such as suicidal thoughts, excessive fears or guilt, and erratic behaviour, necessitate immediate attention. Physical signs, substance abuse, delusions or hallucinations should not be overlooked.

Early intervention often leads to better outcomes when treating mental health disorders. Please of you are experiencing any of these dangerous symptoms.

What Causes Mental Health Problems?

Mental health conditions can affect a person's thinking, feeling, behaviour, and mood. They can impact daily life, relationships, and even physical health. Mental health problems can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, social status, or ethnicity.

Biological Factors

Biological factors that play a role in mental health include genetics, imbalances in brain chemistry and hormonal imbalances.

Psychological Factors

Psychological factors that contribute to mental health conditions include traumatic experiences, such as abuse, neglect, or witnessing violence, ongoing stress, low self-esteem, negative thinking patterns, and maladaptive coping mechanisms.

Environmental Factors

Environmental factors that can have a significant impact on mental health include adverse living conditions like poverty, homelessness, or social isolation, exposure to toxins, or certain medications, as well as chronic physical illnesses.

Developmental Factors

Early life experiences and development can influence mental health. Factors such as childhood trauma, neglect, or disruptions in attachment with caregivers can increase vulnerability to mental health problems later in life. Certain developmental disorders or delays can also contribute to specific mental health conditions.

Social Factors

Social factors, including cultural and societal influences, such as stigma, discrimination, and social exclusion can negatively affect individuals and contribute to mental health problems. Lack of social support, strained relationships, or a dysfunctional family environment can also play a role.

Should I See A Psychologist?

Whether to see a psychologist depends on your specific circumstances and needs. Seeking the help of a psychologist can be beneficial in the following instances:

  • Emotional Distress: If you are experiencing persistent feelings of sadness, anxiety, or other emotional difficulties that are impacting your daily life, relationships, or overall well-being.
  • Behavioural Changes: If you have noticed significant changes in your behaviour, such as withdrawing from activities, engaging in risky behaviours, or experiencing difficulties with impulse control.
  • Relationship Issues: If you face challenges in your relationships, whether with a partner, family member, or friend.
  • Life Transitions: Major life transitions, such as starting a new job, going through a divorce, or coping with losing a loved one, can be emotionally challenging.
  • Chronic Stress: If you are experiencing prolonged stress, feeling overwhelmed, or struggling to cope with daily responsibilities.
  • Mental Health Concerns: If you suspect you have a mental health condition, such as depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder.

Frequently Asked Questions

Psychiatrists are medical doctors, specialisin in severe mental illnesses and can prescribe medications. Psychologists, on the other hand, focus on behaviour and psychotherapy, addressing issues related to life stresses and coping strategies.

Psychology is a broad field with several branches and subfields focusing on human behaviour and mental processes. Below are some of the major branches of psychology:

  • Abnormal psychology: Studies and treats psychological disorders, focusing on causes, symptoms, and treatments.
  • Behavioral psychology: Examines observable behavior and environmental influences, emphasising learning and behavior modification.
  • Cognitive psychology: Explores mental processes like perception, memory, and problem-solving.
  • Developmental psychology: Studies physical, cognitive, and socioemotional growth throughout life.
  • Educational psychology: Applies principles to educational settings, studying learning processes and interventions.
  • Evolutionary psychology: Focuses on how behaviors have evolved through natural selection.
  • Forensic psychology: Applies principles within the legal system, assessing individuals and providing expert testimony.
  • Health psychology: Examines psychological factors influencing health, illness, and healthcare practices.
  • Industrial/organisational psychology: Studies workplace dynamics, including motivation, job satisfaction, and leadership.
  • Neuropsychology: Explores the relationship between the brain, behavior, and cognitive processes.
  • Social psychology: Examines social influences on thoughts, feelings, and behaviours.
  • Sports psychology: Applies psychological principles to enhance athletic performance and well-being.

Most Common Psychology Procedures